Assessing OER: Spotlight on C.R.A.A.P
Not all Open Education Resources (OER) are created equal. Assessment is still key to your decision to adopt an OER, just as it is with publisher or Internet content.
There are several rubrics and checklists to assist your assessment of resources, OER or otherwise. BC Campus has a set of criteria to use when reviewing and open textbooks. The Commonwealth of Learning has guidelines for OERs in Higher Education.
Howard Rheinglod’s Compendium of CRAP detection resources is a useful reference guide as you explore resources on the web. It lists a wide range of tools to assess the quality of online information.
One widely used way to assess online resources is the C.R.A.A.P. test. First developed by librarians at California State University—Chico, institutions across the globe have adopted it as a framework for evaluating sources.
CRAAP refers to Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy and Purpose
The C.R.A.A.P. Test
Currency = the timeliness of the information
When was the OER published or posted?
- Has the OER been revised or updated?
- Does your topic require current information?
- Are the links functional?
Relevance = the importance of the information for your needs
Does the OER relate to your needs?
- Who is the intended audience?
- Is the information in the OER at an appropriate level for your learners?
Authority = the source of the information
Who is the creator?
- What are the creator’s credentials or organizational affiliations?
- Are the creators/collaborators contributors qualified to write on the topic?
Accuracy = the reliability and truthfulness of the information
Is the information supported by evidence?
- Has the OER been reviewed or refereed?
- Does the language or tone seem unbiased and free of emotion?
- Are there spelling, grammar, or typographical errors?
Purpose = the reason the information exists
What is the purpose of the information? Is it to inform, teach, sell, entertain or persuade?
- Is the information fact, opinion, or propaganda?
- Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional, or personal biases?
Take a look at this two minute video about “Evaluating Sources” (Western University, 2012) which provides an overview of the CRAAP test.
1. Regardless of your discipline, you are likely to be concerned with learners’ understanding of their limited privacy online. Evaluate the video “Hot on your trail: Privacy, your data, and who has access to it” (Reveal, 2013).
- Use this CRAAP Test Evaluation form to record your evaluation of the resource. Once you have recorded your evaluation, you can check to see what others think.
2. Apply the CRAAP test to the resources that you chose for your contribution to the shared Curation as Creation – Creation as Curation Padlet when you were exploring the repositories. If any of them “fail” the CRAAP try to find another one to replace it.
- Now that you have deemed the resource worthy, annotate each resource, using “Add comment”. Briefly explain how you would use this resource in your course.
- Peruse some of the contributions that are already there. Feel free to add constructive comments to curated creations.
- Blog about the resources that you have chosen, share them with your colleagues, and reflect on the ways that you will use them in your course. Tweet a link to the blog with #oextend.
The goal of this module is to extend your awareness and appreciation of content curation. We hope that you also recognize it as a viable and vital option for finding resources as you design, develop and revise courses. Armed with knowledge to source and assess open education resources, you now have the tools to take more control over customizing your courses while saving your learners money.